Monday 25-Oct-21 |

Opening and introduction of the workshop

Contributors

Alain BOUSCAYROL

Betty LEMAIRE-SEMAIL

 

Objective

A survey of graphical descriptions for modelling and control of electric systems will be proposed. The activities of the control team of L2EP Lille in this scientific topic will be presented.

 

Outline

After a brief presentation of the workshop, a survey of the use of graphical description for electrical systems will be proposed. If these description tools were not often used in the past, the emergence of multidisciplinary systems (renewable energy systems, hybrid vehicles...) yields a new interest for such model organizations. Indeed these graphical description can lead to an synthetic and intermediary step connecting all various physical devices of the whole the system. Design, Analysis and control are the main concerns of the new modelling way.

The L2EP Lille is composed of 4 reserach teams. For a long time, the control team has developed graphical descriptions for control of elctrical systems; Causal Ordering Graph (COG), Energetic Macroscopic Representations, Multimachine Multiconverter Systems (MMS) Description...

Prof. J. P. Hautier worked on the use of Petri Nets for power electronics modeling in the 80's. His control team developped the COG in the 90's in collaboration with LEEI Toulouse. Applications were focused on power electronics and electrical machine controls.

MMS description has been developped in 2000's by L2EP in collaboration with LEEI Toulouse, GREEN Nancy, LARGE St Nazaire and LESiR Cachan (national Project MMS) for modelling and control of system with serveral electrical machines. EMR has been developed in parallel by L2EP to generalize inversion-based control for complex systems.

Nowadays these graphical descriptions and control methods are used in various applications: piezo-actuators, tool machines, renewable energy conversions systems, traction systems, electric and hybrid electric vehicles... New extensions of these tools are developed with LEI Lausanne (Switrerland), Univeristy of Québec Trois Rivières (Canada) and other international collaborations.



Fig. 1: Example of a traction system (see ref. EPE 2005)


Fig. 2: Bond-graph of the traction system (see ref. EPE 2005)



Fig. 3: Causal ordering Graph of the traction system (see ref. EPE 2005)



Fig. 4: Power Flow Diagram of the traction system (see ref. EPE 2005)



Fig. 5: Energetic Macroscopic REpresentation of the traction system (see ref. EPE 2005)

 

References

A. Bouscayrol, P. Delarue, B. François, J. Niiranen,
"Control implementation of a five-leg AC-AC converter to supply a three-phase induction machine",
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics,
vol. 20, no. 1, January 2005, pp. 107-115,
(common paper of L2EP Lille and ABB Finland).

A. Bouscayrol, P. Delarue, X. Guillaud,
"Power strategies for Maximum Control Structure of a wind energy conversion system with a synchronous machine",
Renewable Energy,
vol. 30, May 2005, pp. 2273-2288.

F. Giraud, B. Lemaire-Semail, J. T. Audren,
"Analysis and phase control of a piezoelectric traveling-wave ultrasonic motor for haptic stick application",
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications,
vol. 40, no. 6, Nov.-Dec. 2004, pp. 1541-1549
(common paper of L2EP Lille and SAGEM).

F. Giraud, B. Lemaire-Semail,
"A torque estimator for a traveling wave ultrasonic motor, application to an active claw",
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
vol. 53, no. 8, August 2006, pp. 1468-1477.

P. J. Barrre, A. Bouscayrol, P. Delarue, E. Dumetz, F. Giraud, J. P. Hautier, X. Kestelyn, B. Lemaire-Semail, E. Semail,
"Inversion-based control of electromechanical systems using causal graphical descriptions",
IEEE-IECON'06, Paris,
November 2006.

A. Bouscayrol, W. Lhomme, P. Delarue, B. Lemaire-Semail, S. Aksas,
"Hardware-in-the-loop simulation of electric vehicle traction systems using Energetic Macroscopic Representation",
IEEE-IECON'06, Paris,
November 2006
(common paper L2EP Lille and dSPACE France).

A. Bouscayrol, G. Dauphin-Tanguy, R Schoenfeld, A. Pennamen, X. Guillaud, G.-H. Geitner,
"Different energetic descriptions for electromechanical systems",
EPE'05, Dresden (Germany),
September 2005
(common paper L2EP Lille, LAGIS Lille and IEPE Dresden).


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